By Thomas M. Cothran
This is the second in a series of posts setting out an argument for the existence of God.
This post sets out the initial roadmap for the argument for the existence of God that will be set out in later posts. The particular argument I will be using is derived from Robert Spitzer’s New Proofs for the Existence of God and W. Norris Clarke’s The One and the Many. Both are simplified versions of Aquinas’ Second Way, and they do not rely on any particular metaphysical view of the world. Thus, one does not need to accept Aquinas’ metaphysics to find the argument compelling.
The argument will proceed in five major steps. The first step is a proof for the thesis that at least one unconditioned reality exists. As we will see shortly in greater detail, an unconditioned reality is one that does not depend on another reality for its existence. It is an absolute reality that transcends the order of space and time.
The next steps will be as follows: 2) an unconditioned reality must be absolutely simple, 3) an unconditioned reality must be infinite in all perfections, 4) an unconditioned reality is absolutely unique (i.e., there is only one unconditioned reality), and finally 5) unconditioned reality is the creator of all that is.
My plan is to devote a single post to explaining each step of the argument, and perhaps additional posts to consider any objections. I may modify the plan as we move along.
Cross-Posted on Interstices: Between Philosophy and Theology